Latin Botanical: Echinacea purpurea / Echinacea Angustifolia
I almost always us the purpurea variety because the other can be on endangered or watch lists in the wild, so I grow purpurea. I like it to grow for at least three years before harvesting the root.
Common Name(s): Echinacea, cone Flower, purple coneflower, red sunflower, and Rudbeckia
Parts Used: Whole plant. Some regions favor the root over the flower and some whole plant over just the root.
Qualities: Lightly sweet, then bitter taste. Has warming, dry tingling sensation, for some almost a numbing sensation, on the tongue and mucous membranes.
- Caffeic acid derivatives –cichoric acid
- Polyacetylenes (esp. in fresh Echinacea purpurea and pallida)
- Volatile oils
- Flavonoids- rutin, quercetin, kaempferol, and nicotiflorin.
- Trace elements like zinc, iron, calcium, and manganese are present.
- Inulin, iron, copper, cobalt and fatty acids
- Immuno-stimulant- non-specific stimulation of immunological defenses. (1)
- Immuno-modulator- effects immune system responsiveness.
- Lymphatic- moves lymph and helps increase lymphatic flow.
- Antiviral-inhibit viral development.
- Antibacterial-destructive to or inhibits the growth of bacteria.
- Anti-inflammatory- reduces inflammation and swelling.
- Antioxidants- are compounds that inhibit oxidation.
- Vulnerary- Promotes wound healing.
- Sialagogue- Promotes saliva production.
Bacterial or viral infections- can assist in treating and potentially preventing. Lancet Infectious Diseases published a report from, the University of Connecticut conducted a meta-analysis study that appraised 14 studies and concluded that:
Echinacea decreases the likelihood of catching a common cold by 58 percent.
Echinacea decreases the term of the common cold by almost one-and-a-half days. (2)
Respiratory Tract- Upper Respiratory Tract Infections, Colds and Influenza (3)
Infections- Other viral, fungal and bacterial infections
Sore Throats- Sore throats, tonsillitis, and issues like a toothache.
Inflammation- Inflammatory and autoimmune conditions benefit from the usage of Echinacea. Can be helpful in arthritic conditions.
Pain- Works as a pain-killer. Can be used topically or internally.
Skin conditions –like acne, eczema, psoriasis, staph conditions like staphylococcus and streptococcus infections. Also used for antibiotic-resistant diseases like Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). It can be used internally or topically. If someone has MSRA or Staph, they should seek appropriate medical care also.
Wounds-helpful with slow-healing wounds, dermal wounds, bruises, burns, cuts and scrapes, leg ulcers, acne, and impetigo.
Chemo side effects- Decreases chemotherapy side effects and leukopenia (WBC). White blood cell (WBC) count is an analysis that measures the number of white blood cells in the body.
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